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STUDIO:  Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer


PRODUCTION DATES:  June 1938 – October 1938


RUNNING TIME:  70 minutes

RELEASE DATE:  October 16, 1938


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Freddie Bartholomew as Buzz Mitchell

Judy Garland as Pinkie Wingate

Mary Astor as Dottie Wingate

Walter Pidgeon as Richard Thurlow

Alan Hale as J.J. Slattery

Scotty Beckett as Billie Wingate

Barnett Parker as Abercrombie

Gene Lockhart as Mr. Drubbs

Charley Grapewin as Uncle Joe

Edgar Dearing as Motorcycle Policeman

Produced by:  Jack Cummings

Directed by:  Edwin L. Marin

Screen Play by:  Elaine Ryan and Anne Morrison Chapin

From the Story by: Katherine Brush


“On the Bumpy Road to Love” by Al Hoffman, Al Lewis and Murray Mencher

“Ten Pins in the Sky” by Joseph McCarthy and Milton Ager

“Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart” by James F. Hanley

Musical Score by:  Dr. William Axt

Musical Director:  Georgie Stoll

Musical Arrangements by:  Roger Edens

Art Director:  Cedric Gibbons

Associates:  Harry McAfee, Edwin B. Willis

Wardrobe by:  Dolly Tree

Recording Director:  Douglas Shearer

Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart 
(Judy Garland)

On The Bumpy Road To Love
 (Judy Garland, Freddie Bartholomew, Mary Astor and Scotty Beckett)

Ten Pins In The Sky 
(Judy Garland)

Ten Pins In The Sky (reprise)
(Judy Garland, Walter Pidgeon and Mary Astor)

On The Bumpy Road To Love (reprise) 
(Judy Garland, Freddie Bartholomew, Mary Astor, Walter Pidgeon, and Scotty Beckett)

Although it clocks in at a slight 70 minutes running time, Listen Darling nevertheless manages to cast its charm. The simple story revolves around the efforts of the characters played by Judy and Freddie Bartholomew in finding a suitable husband for Judy’s widowed mother by kidnapping her and taking her on the road in a trailer. Of course, they just happen to find none other than Walter Pidgeon as the potential husband.

Listen Darling is definitely a “B” film, but that doesn’t take away from its merits. Any “B” movie from MGM in the late 1930’s was usually of a higher quality than the “A” films from the other studios. It’s also got something going for it that most of the “B” films (or any other films) of the time didn’t: Judy Garland singing.  She gets two solos and both are winners, “Zing! Went The Strings of My Heart” and “Ten Pins In The Sky.”  The former was heavily edited in the final cut, for some unknown reason.  Thankfully, the pre-recordings survive.

Listen Darling was put into production when production on The Wizard of Oz was delayed.  Even so, Judy still had some Oz duties including her first recording session for the film on September 30, 1938.  It was meant to give Judy more exposure in theaters around the country in anticipation of the eventual release of OzListen Darling was well liked by critics and audiences alike.  As one unnamed local critic noted, “it is a gem of adolescent nonsense with laughs galore, interrupted only by choice serious bits that provide relief with pathos and effective tugs at the heart strings.” 

Eddie Cohen of the “Miami News” noted that it was the two songs, “Zing! Went The Strings of My Heart” and “On The Bumpy Road To Love” that held the first half of the film together, and although Judy was “weighed down with a maudlin role and manages to shine only when she is delivering her songs” those songs were delivered in her “best style, and alone managed to keep us in our seat.”  He also felt that “Miss Garland’s forte is comedy.”  Edward E. Gloss of “The Akron Beacon Journal” stated, “Instead of star dust, they have sprinkled ‘Listen, Darling’ with songs by Judy Garland.  Rhythm and lilting melody are to be found in ‘On The Bumpy Road To Love,’ ‘Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart,’ and ‘Ten Pins In The Sky.'”


  • Late June 1938:  Production began.

  • June 28, 1938:  Wardrobe tests.

  • July 8, 1938:  Publicity photos were taken on the set. That night, Judy and Freddie attend the premiere of Marie Antoinette.

  • July 28, 1938:  Judy pre-recorded “Ten Pins In The Sky.”

  • August 21, 1938:  Judy recorde a studio version of “Ten Pins In The Sky” for Decca Records.

  • September 16, 1938:  Judy pre-recorded “Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart.”

  • September 22, 1938:  Judy filmed “Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart.”

  • September 26, 1938:  Judy, along with Mary Astor, Freddie Bartholomew, and Scotty Beckett pre-recorded “On the Bumpy Road To Love.”

  • Early October 1938:  Judy completed her work on the film.


  • Listen Darling was the last film Judy Garland made before achieving international stardom the following year in The Wizard of Oz.

  • Judy sang “Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart” for her audition with MGM on September 13, 1935. She had been singing the song throughout 1935 (and probably in 1934 as well). She famously sang it on November 16, 1935 on the NBC Radio show “The Shell Chateau Hour.” Her father was in the hospital with spinal meningitis, but had a radio bedside to hear his daughter sing. He died hours later. The radio “air check” of this performance has survived and is one of the earliest known recordings of Judy Garland before MGM (and musical mentor Roger Edens) refined her style. 

  • Judy recorded two different versions (one “ballad” and one “swing”) of “Zing!” for Listen Darling on September 16, 1938, and filmed the sequence on the 22nd. The song was shortened to a chorus and a half for the final film, but the complete pre-recordings can be found on the 2017 “Soundtracks” 2-CD set (the ballad version) and the 2014 “Variations” 4-CD set (swing version).  “Ten Pins In The Sky” and “On The Bumpy Road To Love” were released on the 1996 2-CD set “Judy Garland – Collector’s Gems from the M-G-M Films.”

  • The recording sessions for “Zing!”, “On The Bumpy Road To Love,” and one take of “Ten Pins In The Sky,” are on the out of print 1995 laser double feature Thoroughbreds Don’t Cry/Listen Darling – these sessions have not yet been released on CD.

  • While making Listen Darling, on July 8, 1938 Judy and Freddie attended the premiere of MGM’s big budget Marie Antoinette. They are briefly shown in the short “Hollywood Goes To Town” from the “Another Romance Of Celluloid” series, signing the guest book on their way into the theater. This short is on the Marie Antoinette DVD.

  • Mary Astor, who played Judy’s mom in both Listen Darling and Meet Me In St. Louis said that Judy in these early years was a “sheer joy: young, vital, warm, affectionate, and exuberant. A real kid.” She also said that Judy would get the giggles easily and sometimes hold up production: “she got the giggles. ‘There goes Judy!’ would be the cry! And we just had to wait until she got over it.”

Daily Music Reports


On The Bumpy Road To Love

Listen to the remastered version here:

Take 8 of the full song:

Take 10 of the full song:

Take 1 of the shorter finale version with the Intro by Walter Pidgeon:

Take 11 of the shorter finale version with the “kids alone”:

Take 1 of the shorter finale “Judy only” version:


Ten Pins In The Sky (complete version)

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August 21, 1938:  Judy recorded a studio version of “Ten Pins In The Sky” for Decca Records.  It is the only instance of Decca using the “C” take from a Garland recording session for the released single rather than the “A” or “B” take.  Recording No. DLA-1436-C released on “B” side of Decca single #2017.  “It Never Rains But It Pours” from the same recording session was released on the A side.

Listen to the Decca version of “Ten Pins In The Sky” here:

Judy didn’t record a studio version of “Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart” until July 29, 1939.  Recording No. DLA-1850-A.  However, is was not released in the U.S. until May 20, 1943.  It was released in the U.K. on the Brunswick label in the spring of 1940 (Record #02969-B).

According to the 1975 British book “Directory of Popular Music: 1900-1965,” compiled by Leslie Lowe, “Zing!” and “I’m Just Wild About Harry” were released in England on Decca’s Brunswick label in the Spring of 1940. “Zing!” was not released in the U.S. until 1943.

Listen to the Decca version of “Zing! Went The Strings Of My Heart” here:

Judy Garland 1935
The Wizard of Oz green vinyl release for Record Store Day on April 19, 2014